Doxing is more like a common term for people who are into cybersecurity and Infosec.
What is Doxing?
Doxing is a way of finding information about an individual or an organisation through online research. This process of finding information includes searching databases available online, social media profiles, accessing information through leaked databases, hacking, social engineering, etc. There are lots of ways to perform doxing. Some of them are as easy as searching someone’s name in social media sites like Facebook. At the same time, some include unusual and complex ways like hacking through someone’s property which may either be physical or a digital asset.
Why do people perform Doxing?
The answer is quite clear!
To know THINGS about people. For Example, You might have seen any movies where criminals do a lot of research about a subject before harming or maybe kidnapping him/her. That process is also doxing.
In Simple, Doxing may be carried out by criminals to blackmail others, harass, business analysis, extortion, etc. Mostly, It is done by Police to find out the information about their suspects.
Is Doxing Illegal?
In Short, YES!
Broadly, Doxing is not just collecting the private information of someone without his/her concerns but also publishing it freely to the internet where other people can access it. For Example, you don’t have any rights to publish my details and phone numbers in social media without my concerns, and I can file a case against you for making my details public (As per the law regarding Doxing). Only Police and specific personals have the permission to perform doxing but only with written permission from the respective authority.
Doxed information may be arranged in the form of a template. The template may contain the following pieces of information.
- Date of birth:
- Phone number:
- Picture of an individual:
- IP Address:
Family Background and Information (Details of close individuals like friends)
- Date of birth:
- Phone number:
Some ways to perform Doxing
Here are some simple ways to dox someone.
Only for educational purpose. You are fully responsible for whatever happens to you in case you act against the law.
- Dox using Facebook
- Facebook has a complete section for filling the individuals
- Dox using names
- Dox using Skype
- Dox using Phone Numbers
- Reverse Image Lookup
How to prevent from being doxed
Here are some points which can be followed in order to prevent yourself from being doxed;
- Don’t share your information like phone numbers, email and everywhere. Most people tend to leave their number and email addresses in the comments of the vacancy post on social media sites like Facebook. In such places, people can quickly get your details and use it to track or harras you through different methods.
- Use Secure form of communication like Telegram. Where you need not disclose your identity.
- Use security way of transactions like cryptocurrencies instead of a usual way of transactions.
- Use temporary mails like temp-mail.org for unofficial use or secure email service providers like protonmail and tutanota.com.
- Hide your IP address. Technically, It is not possible to hide your IP addresses, but you can use VPNs, proxies or Tor browsing to spoof your IP address. Because only the IP address also speaks a lot about you and your device.